Your Cart is Empty

The Science Behind Squat Exercises and Their Benefits

May 20, 2023 3 min read

The Science Behind Squat Exercises and Their Benefits


Squats have become one of the staple exercises in any strength training routine. Not only are they effective for toning and strengthening the lower body, but they also provide numerous health benefits. But what is the science behind squats, and how do they work? This article will dive deep into the science of squat exercises and discuss the many health benefits that can be attained from doing them properly.

Shop The Collection: Squat Racks

The Science Behind Squats

In order to understand the science behind squats, it's important to know the muscles involved. When performing a squat, the primary muscle group being worked is the quadriceps. The quads are the large muscles on the front of the thigh. Other muscles used during a squat include the glutes, hamstrings, calves, and core. Each of these muscles plays an important role in providing stability and power while squatting.

Altas AL-3003 Squat Rack Shop The Gear: Altas AL-3003 Squat Rack, $599.99 CAD

When performing a squat, the goal is to move your body up and down in a controlled manner. This is done by utilizing the muscles mentioned above to move the weight up and down. As you move down into the squat position, your hamstrings and glutes will contract to control the descent. On the way back up, your quadriceps will engage to help move the weight back to the starting position. This combination of muscles working together helps to create a strong and stable base for the movement.

Shop The Collection: Kettlebells

In addition to the muscles being used during a squat, there are also several other factors at play. The range of motion, depth of the squat, speed of the movement, and type of weight being used all have an effect on the overall effectiveness of the exercise. Different variations of the squat can also be used to target different areas of the body.

MAGMA 9-35 LB Cast Iron Kettlebell Set Shop The Gear: MAGMA 9-35 LB Cast Iron Kettlebell Set, $151.99 CAD

Benefits of Squats

Now that we've discussed the science behind squats, let's take a look at some of the benefits they offer. Squats are an incredibly effective exercise for building strength, improving balance and stability, and increasing overall muscular endurance. Additionally, they can also help to improve flexibility and joint mobility, which can reduce the risk of injury.

The benefits of squats don't just stop at physical performance. Studies have shown that regular squats can also have a positive impact on mental health. Squats have been linked to improved focus and concentration, as well as increased feelings of confidence and self-esteem.

Finally, squats can also help with weight loss. Squats are considered a compound exercise, meaning they involve multiple muscle groups. This means that more calories are burned during a squat than during an isolation exercise such as a bicep curl. Additionally, squats can help to build lean muscle mass, which can increase metabolism and burn more calories even when you're not exercising.

How to Properly Execute Squats

It's important to perform squats correctly in order to get the most out of them. Before beginning, make sure you have a clear understanding of the correct form for the exercise. Start by standing with your feet shoulder-width apart and your toes facing forward. Your chest should be held up tall, and your back should remain straight throughout the entire movement.

From this position, begin to lower yourself down towards the ground. Keep your weight in your heels, and make sure to keep your knees aligned directly over your toes. Continue lowering until your thighs are parallel to the ground. At this point, push yourself back up using your glutes and quadriceps. Make sure to keep your core tight throughout the entire movement.

When first starting out, it's important to begin with a light weight. This will allow you to focus on perfecting your form before adding heavier weights. As you become more comfortable with the movement, you can gradually increase the amount of weight used.

Squats are an incredibly effective exercise for building strength, increasing muscular endurance, and improving overall health. They can also be beneficial for weight loss and mental health. It's important to make sure you have proper form when performing squats to get the most out of the exercise. With regular practice and dedication, you can reap the many benefits squats have to offer.